The lord of the Arctic, the ice bear, the great white bear, or the white sea bear- many names are used to denote one mammal, the polar bear. A polar bear is known as the largest living carnivore on earth and can be found in the wild and icy regions of the Arctic Circle, Greenland, Canada, Alaska (US), Russia and Norway. In reality, they are hypercarnivores and hunt and feed on meat for more than 70% of their diet. Their bodies have undergone several adaptions to survive in the cold climate and hunt seals. They have a thick translucent fur that protects them from the biting cold of the Arctic, large thick paws that spread out their weight and enable movement on ice, and sharp non-retractable claws for traction and capturing the prey.
While the female polar bear (sow) weigh as high as 150-200 kg, the male polar bear (boar) can grow two to three times the of the female bear and weigh around 350-650 kg. A surprising fact about polar bears is that they are not actually white in color. Their skin is actually jet black but their thick translucent fur reflects the visible light which makes them appear pure white. Their fur is water-resistant that enables them to stay underwater and swim constantly for many days at a stretch. The only part on their body that does not have a thick layer of fur is their nose and footpads. These are black in color as it helps in absorbing more sunlight in the cold region.